Gita  Chapter -2

Sankhya Yoga (Analysis by dissecting)

        Sankhya means numbers or components or to analyze. When we encounter a problem we should dissect and know the components to resolve the problem. This Sankhya approach is used by Krishna to help Arjuna to understand his problem and so this chapter is known as Sankhya Yoga.

      In the first chapter Krishna listened to Arjuna's and only in chapter two Krishna talks and gives the essence of  Gita and the reality of life.  He tells Arjuna to accept the reality and the reality is that he is a king who duty is to fight war not out of greed of conquering but the duty  of fighting injustice.

Essence of Chpater-2

        Krishna told Arjuna that he is ignorant of the "Truth" about the real nature of all beings. Anything that is "Satyam" or Truth is not depended on any other thing for its existence.

        For example we do not attribute a shadow to be real, because the shadow does not have independent existence. It depends on an object and light for it to exists. In that case the light source or object is real and not the shadow.

       Similarly, Krishna says the physical body  is not real, because it does not have independent existence. Without the mind we do not feel the body. (Please think about this and enquire yourself and understand how far this fact is true). In sleep the Mind is not there and so we are not aware of the body.

      The next question, is this mind independent or does it depend on something else for its existence? We find that the mind depends on "Awareness" or "conditioned Consciousness". In deep sleep, we are not aware of our body, mind and our intelligence. This does not mean we are dead. There is something alive and that aliveness principle is known as Awareness. This awareness is also present in the day time when we are awake. But we are not aware of the awareness because the body and mind awareness dominate it. We can know this Awareness while we are awake only through Meditation.

Meditation is a means to be aware of the Awareness while functions all the time when we are awake or sleeping. But there is another subtler aspect called Consciousness which is present even when we are living in a body or not. This is Consciousness.  (Please click to read the  details of  Awareness and Consciousness in detail). 

    Krishna says everything in this Universe,  from the smallest particle to the gigantic star does not exist independently or in other words depends on something gross or subtle for its existence.  Since they cannot exist independently they cannot be called Real or Truth (click Creation link for details).

     Krishna says but there is only one "Reality"  or "Truth" on which all the forms in the universe depend for its existence. This reality is known as the "Un-Conditioned Consciousness" or Brahman in Sanskrit. This Un-Conditioned Consciousness is independent and does not depend on anything else for its existence.

       This imperishable, un-manifested, unthinkable and unchangeable aspect, the "Un-Conditioned-Consciousness" ("Brahman")  is never subjected to birth and death.  It is unborn, eternal, changeless and inexhaustible. It is not killed when the body is killed. Krishna says that this Aspect or Brahman slays not, nor is it slain. Weapons cut It not, fire burns It not, water wets It not, wind dries It not. 

Arjuna asked "What is this "Aspect of Un-Conditional Consciousness" or "Brahman" you are talking about Krishna,  which I cannot perceive?. How can I know whatever you are talking is true? How do I know about this imperishable, un-manifested, unthinkable and unchangeable "Brahman" or Un-Conditional Consciousness?

      Krishna answered to Arjuna that to know that your true Self is not this dying body but that imperishable, un-manifested, unthinkable and unchangeable "Brahman",   then you have to transcend the Ego which thinks itself as a perishable, thinking, changing object which is subjected to birth and death in this world.

     Arjuna curiously asked  what is the Ego that you are talking about and  how is it possible to transcend the Ego to know the imperishable, un-manifested, unthinkable and unchangeable "Brahman".

Arjuna's question is also each one of our questions too. Knowing the Ego and the eternal Brahman or Un-conditional-Consciousness will only free us from suffering in our life.

Just knowing Ego and transcending it, will establish us in Eternal Brahman? 

When the individual transcends from the objective experience of Body, Mind, and Intelligence, it unites (Yoga) with Consciousness. In Self Awareness state, one is aware of the limitations (ups and downs) of Energy levels in "Time" (Kaala Chakra, the period of multiple life and death cyclic processes).

Without Self-Awareness, that is not aware of Energy levels dictate luck energy (prosperity), one develops Kama, kridha Moha, Lobha, Matha, Matsarya. These become seeds in the Jeevatma itself (Self-Awareness) and leads to again life after birth. 

Doing actions in Self-Awareness state however, leads to Yoga or union with divine (undivided) Consciousness.  In this state of being which is absolute, full (no individuality), and unattached to anything to the relative field, is also free from the influence of actions. Thus by acting in this state, the mind becomes strong and actions and will be successful and brings eternal freedom to the doer.

With this technique of performing an action (Self Awareness), the action process is effortless, leaving the doer to enjoy immediately the fruits of action (good results) without being bound by its influence. This is because that fruits of action do not leave an impression in the mind deep enough to form the seed of future action.  In short, the doer established in self is unattached to the field of activity.

The doer loses individuality in the process of transcending (Ego) to the State of Being and elevates the doer above the influence of right and wrong or loss and gain, because in Brahman state (Consciosuness) there is only absoluteness and no relativeness.